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Information for Authors

This is a general information for journals published by e-Century Publishing Corporation. All of our journals share the same
manuscript style and the reference format. You can download
EndNote or Reference Manager Output Style to format the
references of your manuscript to be submitted to any of our journal. You may download a
Sample Manuscript when preparing
your manuscript and view
Checking List before submission online.


General Policy

All manuscripts are submitted with the understanding that they have not been published elsewhere (except in the form of an
abstract or as part of a published lecture or thesis) and are not currently under consideration for publication by another
journal. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to ensure that all authors have contributed to, read and approved
the final manuscript for submission. The authors should keep a copy of manuscript submitted in case of revision, rejection, loss
or damage. Receipt of manuscript will be acknowledged and a decision regarding acceptance made as soon as possible.
Accepted manuscripts may be subject to editorial revision without notice.

Peer Review Policy

All manuscripts are subject to peer review and are expected to meet the rigorous standards of academic excellence. The
authors should provide up to five potential peer reviewers with detailed contact information including e-mail address.  These
should be experts in their field of study, who will be able to provide an objective assessment of the manuscript.  If not provided,
potential reviewers will be identified by their publication record or recommended by the Editorial Board members.  
Recommended reviewers who have been a coauthor with the corresponding author within five years prior to manuscript
submission will not be used.

Copyright Policy

By submitting a manuscript to any journal published by e-Century Publishing Corporation, the authors agree that all copyrights
of all materials included in the submitted manuscript will be exclusively transferred to this publisher if the manuscript is

Once the paper is published, the copyright will be released by the publisher under the “
Creative Commons Attribution Non-
Commercial License”, enabling the unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction of the published article in
any medium, provided that the original work is properly cited.  If the manuscript contains a figure or table reproduced from a
book or another journal article, the authors should obtain permission from the copyright holder before submitting the
manuscript, and be fully responsible for any legal and/or financial consequences if such permissions are not obtained.

All PDF, XML and html files for all articles published in this journal are the property of the publisher, e-Century Publishing
Corporation ( Authors and readers are granted the right to freely use these files for all academic purposes.
By publishing paper in this journal, the authors grant the permanent right to the publisher to use any articles published in this
journal without any restriction including, but not limited to academic and/or commercial purposes. If you are interested in
using PDF, html, XML files or any art works published in this journal for any commercial purposes, please contact the publisher

Use of Human Tissue and/or Animal Policy

Experiments involving human subjects should be in accord with the ethical standards established by the institution or in accord
with the
Helsinki Declaration, or the guidelines of Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) Human Subject Protections.
For studies involved human subjects, when
informed consent has been obtained it should be indicated in the manuscript.

Experiments involving animals should follow the institution or
the National Research Council guide for the care and use of
laboratory animals.

Units and Abbreviations

System International (SI) units should be used for all measurements. All abbreviations should be explicitly defined at their first
occurrence except for those internationally acceptable.


While the advice and information in the article are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither
the authors nor the editors can accept any legal responsibilities for any errors or omissions that may be made.  The publication
makes no warranty, expressed or implied, with respect to the materials contained within.  

PREPARATION OF MANUSCRIPT  (Download Sample Manuscript)

All manuscripts should be written in standard grammatical English using computer software, arranged in the following order and
saved as
single DOC (Word) file including all components of the manuscript:

1.        cover letter
2.        title page
3.        abstract and keywords
4.        main text
5.        acknowledgements, if any
6.        references
7.        tables, if any must be created with Word "Insert Table" function
8.        figure legends, if any
9.        figures, if any

Cover Letter

The cover letter should include name, degree, address, telephone, fax and email of the corresponding author. A statement that
all authors have contributed to, read and approved the final manuscript for submission should be included if there are multiple
authors. Any editorial or financial conflict of interest (e.g., consultancy, stock ownership, equity interests, patent or licensing
agreements) should be clearly disclosed in the cover letter. The
disclosure statement must be submitted upon the acceptance.

Title Page

The title page should include:
1.        A concise title;
2.        First name, middle initial, and last name of each author. No degrees should be provided in this section;
3.        Name of the department and institutional affiliation of each author;
4.        A short Running Title for the paper;
5.        Corresponding author and contact information including e-mail address;
6.        Acknowledgement including sources of financial support for the work, if any;
7.        Declaration of Conflict of Interest.        

Abstract and Keywords

The abstract should not exceed 250 words that concisely summarize the study’s purpose, significant findings and conclusions.  
Include up to 6 keywords or phrases at the end of the abstract. Each keyword should be separated by a comma.

Main Text

The main text should include Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results and Discussion.  The Introduction should be
succinct, clearly stating the purpose and rationale of the study. In Materials and Methods, the procedures should be described
in sufficient detail to allow duplication by an independent observer. Results and Discussion may be combined or divided. They
should be written concisely and logically with emphasis on novel findings.


All acknowledgements (if any) should be included at the end of the main text before references and may include grant and
administrative support.

References (Please download EndNote X Style or Reference Manager Output Style for e-Century journals)        

Reference should begin on a new page, be double-spaced and numbered in order of citation in the text, including citations in
tables and figure legends. Complete author citation is required (use of "et al" is not acceptable). References should conform to
the style of the Journal. Examples follow:

Journals: [1] Krishnan B and Truong LD. Renal epithelial neoplasms: the diagnostic implications of electron microscopic study in
55 cases. Hum Pathol 2002; 33: 68-79.

Books: Fishman AP: Pulmonary Hypertension and Cor Pulmonale. Pulmonary Diseases and Disorders. Edited by Fishman AP. New
York, McGraw-Hill, 1988, pp. 999-1048

Web sites: Cite in text only with an active weblink and keep such links minimum.

In press: To be used only for papers accepted for publication. Cite as for journal with (in press) in place of volume and page

Submitted papers/unpublished data: Cite in text only.


All tables must be created with Word "Insert Table" function and should be cited consecutively in the main text by Arabic
numbers (Table 1, Table 2, etc). Type each table with a descriptive title on a separate page after the references. Provide
explanations for any nonstandard abbreviations in footnotes to the table. All tables must be submitted as editable tables (

Figure Legends

Figure legends including figure number, a short title and detailed description should be embedded at the end of text file.


All figures should be cited consecutively in the main text by Arabic numbers (Figure 1, Figure 2, etc).  All figures must be
prepared at
600dpi resolution and embedded at the end of the manuscript in the Word File. The text in all Figures must be in
Arial Font and clearly readable at the 100% zoom. Photographs of a person should render them unidentifiable or include their
written permission.  

Supplemental data: Authors are encouraged to avoid using supplemental data; and keep any such data and provide to readers if
requested. If supplemental data have to be used, all of them should be in the single file with all supplemental figures, tables and
text materials included and arranged properly for publication.  

Publication Fee

All journals published by e-Century Publishing Corporation are open access journals which provide instant, worldwide and
barrier-free access to the full-text of all published articles. Publishing Fee allows the publisher to make the published material
available for free to all interested online readers.

The publication fee vary with the different journals. Please refer to the "Information for Authors" of each journal for details. All
journals can be found in

Submit Manuscript

Please click to submit your manuscript online.